As usual, a good place to start for questions about Classical Latin pronunciation is W. Sidney Allen's Vox Latina. Allen p. However, since original gm seems to have given mm e. Examples: d i gnus, il i gnus, l i gnum, s i gnum etymologies given below.
Vox Latina. a Guide to the Pronunciation of Classical Latin (Allen)
Words like cognatus and ignobilis contain the prefixes con- and in-, which typically end in a nasal consonant that assimilates in place to a following plosive or nasal as in co m pugno, i m possibilis, co m mitto, i m mortalis. If gn was just pronounced as [gn], it would mean that the nasal consonant from the end of the prefixes was dropped entirely in these words.
That seems a bit implausible to me, but I guess it's not impossible. Had the Romans retained the n of the prepositions before gn , they would have felt bound to pronounce ing-gnotus, cong-gnatus, but would practically have pronounced ing-notus, cong-natus. But they did not retain the n and write ingnotus, congnatus , but ignotus, cognatus. What is the explanation? Does this represent a pronunciation ing-notus, cong-natus , or inyotus, conyatus? Mr Munro and I agree with him holds that it does not.
I am aware of a somewhat similar phenomenon to what Roby suggests loss of a coda nasal because of phonotactic constraints in the allomorphy of the Cypriot Greek definite article. According to Ringen and Vago :. In Cypriot Greek the definite articles ton masculine and tin feminine lose their final nasal consonant if the next word begins either with a consonant cluster or a geminate. The facts are as in 11 Muller In general, we expect languages that have words that start with [gn] to also have words that start with [kn]: this is discussed in Sen , which says.
Sommer " with the form neg later generalized for some reason before sounds other than voiced plosives and then eventually lost again in favor of nec, except for in old compounds pp. I'm left with the impression that we don't actually know exactly how neg- came to be used in words like neglego. Although abn-, with the letter B rather than M, occurred at the start of Latin words prefixed with ab-, Allen says that a mn egauerit actually exists as an inscriptional variant of a bn egauerit. However, I'm not sure how common or how significant this variant spelling is.
Lindsay says " Singnifer, on a soldier's grave C. But on the other hand, Allen says p. This has been seen as evidence that the pronunciation [gn] may have been used after Classical times, possibly due to influence from the spelling. To be clear, all of the discussion in the previous sections is about the phonetic realization of gn. Newburyport, Massachusetts: R. Pullins Company.
Brittain, Frederick Latin in Church. The History of its Pronunciation 2nd ed. Clackson, James; Horrocks, Geoffrey The Blackwell History of the Latin Language. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing. Clackson, James In Roger D. Woodward ed. The Ancient Languages of Europe. Gilbert, Allan H June Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. Hayes, Bruce Metrical stress theory: principles and case studies. University of Chicago. Levy, Harry L. A Latin Reader for Colleges.
University of Chicago Press. Lloyd, Paul M. From Latin to Spanish. Diane Publishing. Neidermann, Max . McCullagh, Matthew In James Clackson ed.
- Modular Functions of one Variable V: Proceedings International Conference, University of Bonn, Sonderforschungsbereich Theoretische Mathematik July 2–14, 1976?
- W. Sidney Allen, Vox Latina. A Guide to the Pronunciation of Classical Latin - Persée.
- Appendix talk:Latin pronunciation - Wiktionary?
- Appendix talk:Latin pronunciation;
A Companion to the Latin Language. Blackwell Publishing. Pekkanen, Tuomo Ars grammatica—Latinan kielioppi in Finnish and Latin 3rd-6th ed. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.
Pope Pius X November 22, Rome, Italy: Adoremus. Retrieved 15 June Pope, M. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Sihler, Andrew L. New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Smith, Jane Stuart Phonetics and Philology: Sound Change in Italic.
Oxford University Press. Sturtevant, Edgar Howard The pronunciation of Greek and Latin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Ward, Ralf L. June The Classical World. Wingo, E.
Vox Latina: A Guide to the Pronunciation of Classical Latin by W. Sidney Allen
Otha Latin Punctuation in the Classical Age. De Gruyter Mouton. Phonologies of the world's languages. Categories : Latin language Language phonologies Latin-script orthographies.
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See media help. Always hard as k in sky , never soft as in cellar , cello , or social. As ch in chemistry , and aspirated; never as in challenge or change mostly used in Greek loanwords. Always hard as g in good , never soft as g in gem. Sometimes at the beginning of a syllable, as y in yard , never as j in just. As p in party , always aspirated; never as in photo when being pronounced in English mostly used in Greek loanwords. There were two trends: The educated and popular pronunciation.
As r in Italian and several Romance languages mostly used in Greek loanwords ; e. As th in thyme , and aspirated; never as in thing , or that mostly used in Greek loanwords. Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed.
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This is a reissue in paperback of the second edition of Professor Allen's highly successful book on the pronunciation of Latin in Rome in the Golden Age. In the second edition the text of the first edition is reprinted virtually unchanged but is followed by a section of supplementary notes that deal with subsequent developments in the subject.